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Marks, notations and other maiginalia present in the original volume will appear in this file - a reminder of this book's long journey from the publisher to a library and finally to you. John- stone, 29 The Meaning of Aristotle, Nicomachean Ethics^ i095*« 2. But it is granted that in itself the use of the present tense cannot be pressed. 6, 7, in which no one would think of building anything on the use of the present tense ;' and the same may be said of vii. Pichon contends that in some places it is implied that already there was a lull in the persecution. A similar implication seems to lie in the opening sentence of the same chapter (v. i) : *Cum autem noster numerus semper de deorum cultoribus augeatur, numquam uero ne in ipsa quidem persecutione minuatur.' The indications of later date, which are supposed to be given by such passages as v. Consequently, ictus and accent could not coincide, as a general practice. a word, therefore, was no guide to the ictus, and another guide, or clew, as I have called it, had to be found. 1 8, i\€T(o Sc Kol ISpav aartfxi Xrj Ttov Kmkiov ra ri Xrf kol pdaiv, I'jg. Demetrius adduces the well-known verse * 1 16, iro AAa S* avavra Karavra irdpavrd re 8o\/t ^XOov, as an example of caco- phony intended by Homer to suggest * broken ground,' t^v dvu)- fia Xtav, We do not accept this view, so characteristic of Demetrius and his age, that the primitive bard used any such self-conscious literary trick. Surely ovo/mra ought to be bracketed as a corruption of o KTa, which is superscribed in P., not as an addition, but as a correction. 12 we have in Karrj^opiai d Troiccicpvfifiei^ai an expression which would have fairly conveyed this meaning. It will now be evident that the present edition has set the criticism of Aristoxenus on a completely fresh basis, and leaves to previous texts a merely historical interest. An event must be past before it can be related ; and one who wrote at some distance from the scene {as Lactantius probably did: see V. 15) could not have direct knowledge of what was pass- ing at the time of writing. And it is worthy of note that in the summary of Book V. £t inter haec sufiundebatur facias aqua frigida et os umore abluebatur, ne are- scentibus siccitate faucibus cito spiritus redderetur.' But M. xo : ' Ita fit ut data diuinitus pace et qui fugerunt universi redeant et alius propter miraculum uirtutis nouus populus accedat.' But do these words imply anything more than that peace had been restored where Lactantius wrote— or, in other words, that the book was penned in Gaul, and not earlier than 306 ? Further, Greek was rich in polysyllables — such common words as (Aaai Ximc, vfioo- a Tt S\ov Ta, i^aviaravai. But the long syllables are very oftea unaccented — as in l^avurravai — and the accented syllabled are very often short. The translation throughout is marked by so much vigour and dash that we hesitate to point to a lack of those qualities in ^ the forcible style demands a certain vehemence and terseness, and resembles combatants dealing blows at close quarters.* We should prefer ' the aim of the forcible style is to be sharp and short like sword-play.' But we could fill pages with examples of ingenuity and of happy turns in the translation. Thus, to take one of the examples given, Demetrius of Phalerum rebuked the pride of Craterus, who was receiving the Greek embassies with arrogance, by one word tovtov, *we once received these men as ambassadors together with thai Craterus.' Of course this comes very near * covert allusion,' but is * covert allusion* to be found in the Greek .'^ In 144. Whether a book is still in copyright varies from country to country, and we can't offer guidance on whether any specific use of any specific book is allowed. i Notes on Manuscripts of Catullus and Hisperica Famina. Please do not assume that a book's appearance in Google Book Search means it can be used in any manner anywhere in the world.

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